Oral thrush (monoliasis, oral candidiasis, OC)
Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus | Fungal Diseases | CDC
Candida species present both as commensals and opportunistic pathogens of the oral cavity. For decades, it has enthralled the clinicians to investigate its pathogenicity and to improvise newer therapeutic regimens based on the updated molecular research. Candida is readily isolated from the oral cavity, but simple carriage does not predictably result in development of an infection. Whether it remains as a commensal, or transmutes into a pathogen, is usually determined by pre-existing or associated variations in the host immune system. The candida infections may range from non-life threatening superficial mucocutaneous disorders to invasive disseminated disease involving multiple organs. In fact, with the increase in number of AIDS cases, there is a resurgence of less common forms of oral candida infections.
Clinical Appearance of Oral Candida Infection and Therapeutic Strategies
NCBI Bookshelf. Michael Taylor ; Avais Raja. Authors Michael Taylor 1 ; Avais Raja. Oral candidiasis is generally obtained secondary to immune suppression, whether a patient's oral cavity has decreased immune function or if it is systemic.
Candidiasis is an infection caused by a yeast a type of fungus called Candida. Candida normally lives on the skin and inside the body, in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing any problems. Candidiasis in the mouth and throat is also called thrush or oropharyngeal candidiasis.